1. Match time is 60 minutes, in four quarters of 15 minutes. To find out more about this, click here.
2. 11 players (generally 10 field players and one goalkeeper) on the pitch for each team, with up to seven substitutes in reserve on the side-line.
3. Unlimited rolling substitutions – you’ll have to watch carefully as players run on and off the pitch to keep players fresh and at their best.
4. Players can’t use their feet, or the back of the stick (the rounded side).
5. Goals can only be scored from inside the circle – don’t cheer if it goes in from outside, as it doesn’t count! An attacking player has to touch the ball in the circle, as there are no longer any own goals in hockey.
6. Penalty corners – awarded for an accidental foul in the circle or a deliberate foul inside the 23 m line, and one of the top ways to score a goal. The ball is sent in from the back line out of the circle (otherwise any goal scored from the corner is disallowed), and usually at the top. From there, you might see any number of techniques and moves, but the drag-flick (a hard and fast scoop of the ball) is one of the most powerful moves in the hockey player’s repertoire and one of the most likely things you’ll see from a penalty corner.
7. There are two umpires who make all decisions for stopping play and awarding penalties. They have three cards to choose from to penalise a player – A green card means the player is suspended from the game for two minutes. A yellow card means the player is suspended from the game for a minimum of five minutes but can be longer. A red card is for a very serious offence and means the player is sent off for the remainder of the match. If a player is suspended temporarily or permanently, their team plays with one less player.
8. If scores are level in the semi-finals, final or bronze play-off, then the game goes to a shoot-out. It’s a one-on-one keeper v. player – the player has just eight seconds to run the ball into the circle from the 23-metre line and try to beat the keeper, with teams taking turns in a best of five competition.
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